Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Middleton v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-28

On April 4, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Middleton v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-28). The primary issues presented in Middleton v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer could challenge the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty at his CDP hearing; and (ii) whether the taxpayer established that he was not “responsible person” for collecting, accounting for, and paying over employees’ income and employment taxes. Background to Middleton v. Commissioner In

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Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Golditch v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-26

On March 29, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Golditch v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-26). The primary issues presented in Golditch v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer was permitted to challenge his underlying tax liability at CDP hearing; (ii) whether the taxpayer’s argument that liabilities were not properly assessed because substitutes for return were invalid was frivolous; and (iii) whether the imposition of frivolous position penalty on taxpayer

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Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Addis v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-24

On March 28, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Addis v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-24). The primary issue presented in Addis v. Commissioner was whether the frivolous taxpayer’s CDP rights had been violated. Held: Not quite, Jonah. Mr. Addis’s 2014 Tax Reporting On March 17, 2017, Jonah Addis filed a delinquent tax return for his 2014 tax year, reporting zero dollars of income and a refund due of approximately

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Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Oxbow Bend LLC v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-23

On March 21, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Oxbow Bend LLC v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-23). The primary issue presented in Oxbow Bend LLC v. Commissioner was whether a telephone conference in which IRS agent stated to taxpayer’s representative what adjustments would be made and what penalties were under consideration constituted an “initial determination” of penalties that would require timely supervisory approval under IRC § 6751(b)(1). Held: Not

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Business Related Issues
Business Related Issues

Hacker v. Commissioner
(T.C. Memo. 2022-16)

On March 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Hacker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-16). The primary issues presented in Hacker were whether the petitioners received imputed wages and constructive dividends from their day care centers and whether the petitioners were liable for the civil fraud penalty under IRC § 6663. A Note on Hacker v. Commissioner You may remember the Hackers from two Tax Court opinions from 2021,

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Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Kazmi v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-13

On March 1, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Kazmi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-13). The primary issues presented in Kazmi v. Commissioner were (1) whether the petitioner is entitled to challenge the underlying liabilities, and if so, whether he is a responsible person who willfully failed to pay over employment taxes under IRC § 6672, and (2) whether the Appeals abused its discretion in sustaining the collection action.

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Penalties Under the Code
Memorandum Opinions

Williams v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-7

On February 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Williams v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-7). The primary issues presented in Williams were (i) whether the disallowance of the petitioner’s deductions was warranted; and (ii) whether frivolous position penalty was warranted. A Brief Background of Williams v. Commissioner The IRS issued a notice of deficiency, in which it disallowed certain deductions claimed by the petitioner (Larry) in connection with his

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Salter v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-29

On April 5, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Salter v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-29). The primary issues presented in Salter v. Commissioner were (i) whether the Code section providing exception from imposition of additional tax resulting from early distribution from retirement plan applied;

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Middleton v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-28

On April 4, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Middleton v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-28). The primary issues presented in Middleton v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer could challenge the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty at his CDP hearing; and (ii) whether the taxpayer

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Villanueva v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-27

On March 31, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Villanueva v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-27). The primary issue presented in Villanueva v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner was entitled to a net operating loss deduction. Held: Sorry, Edgardo, not today. Background to Villanueva v.

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Golditch v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-26

On March 29, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Golditch v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-26). The primary issues presented in Golditch v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer was permitted to challenge his underlying tax liability at CDP hearing; (ii) whether the taxpayer’s argument

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Porter v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-25

On March 28, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Porter v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-25). The primary issues presented in Porter v. Commissioner were whether (i) delays in examination and litigation were attributable to IRS officer or could significantly be attributed to taxpayer; and

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Addis v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-24

On March 28, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Addis v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-24). The primary issue presented in Addis v. Commissioner was whether the frivolous taxpayer’s CDP rights had been violated. Held: Not quite, Jonah. Mr. Addis’s 2014 Tax Reporting On March

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