Books and Records

The Record Keeping Requirement of IRC § 6001

Uncle Bill has gotten somewhat of a large bee in his bonnet (a murder hornet of sorts, if you want to know the truth), and he has asked you to teach him everything that you know about civil tax procedure. You note that you are far too busy with your burgeoning practice, but you are intrigued by the Ol’ Codger’s desire to learn the ins and outs of the process through which the IRS collects

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Books and Records

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements of IRC § 162 is a question of fact for the Tax Court.[3] Proving Entitlement A taxpayer must prove his entitlement to all deductions and

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Bank Deposits Analysis

Haghnazarzadeh v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-47)

On April 29, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Haghnazarzadeh v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-47). The primary issue presented in Haghnazarzadeh was whether certain deposits into the petitioners’ nine bank accounts are ordinary income or nontaxable deposits. A Bit of Context This is an unreported income case, and the opinion is all of six pages long.  One has expectations of a couple thousand dollars-worth of unreported income.  But not

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Accuracy Related Penalty

Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46)

On April 27, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46). The primary issues presented in Baum were whether the petitioners were entitled to deductions for expenses as reported on Schedules C (Profit or Loss from Business) for the years in issue and whether the petitioners were entitled to a theft loss deduction pursuant to IRC § 165 for 2015. Background: Bamboozled, Hoodwinked, Swindled, and

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Accuracy Related Penalty

Purple Heart Patient Center Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-38)

On March 29, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Purple Heart Patient Center, Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-38). The primary issues presented in Purple Heart Patient Center were whether the petitioner (1) was entitled to offset its gross receipts with any cost of goods sold (COGS), (2) underreported its gross income, and (3) is liable for the accuracy-related penalty pursuant to IRC § 6662(a). Background Purple Heart is

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Bank Deposits Analysis

Martin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-35)

On March 24, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Martin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-35). The primary issues presented in Martin were whether the IRS abused its discretion in disallowing substantial (old and large) deductions and whether the petitioners were liable for penalties for filing (very) late and for being (very) negligent and for (very) substantially understating their liabilities. Background to NOLs The petitioner-husband was a racecar driver and

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Books and Records

Lucero v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-136)

On September 29, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Lucero v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-136). The issue before the court in Lucero was whether the petitioners’ real estate loss deductions were disallowed by IRC § 469 and/or IRC § 280A.

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The Record Keeping Requirement of IRC § 6001

Uncle Bill has gotten somewhat of a large bee in his bonnet (a murder hornet of sorts, if you want to know the truth), and he has asked you to teach him everything that you know about civil tax procedure. You note that you are far too busy with your

Read More »

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements

Read More »

Haghnazarzadeh v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-47)

On April 29, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Haghnazarzadeh v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-47). The primary issue presented in Haghnazarzadeh was whether certain deposits into the petitioners’ nine bank accounts are ordinary income or nontaxable deposits. A Bit of Context This is an

Read More »

Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46)

On April 27, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46). The primary issues presented in Baum were whether the petitioners were entitled to deductions for expenses as reported on Schedules C (Profit or Loss from Business) for the years

Read More »

Martin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-35)

On March 24, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Martin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-35). The primary issues presented in Martin were whether the IRS abused its discretion in disallowing substantial (old and large) deductions and whether the petitioners were liable for penalties for

Read More »

Lucero v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-136)

On September 29, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Lucero v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-136). The issue before the court in Lucero was whether the petitioners’ real estate loss deductions were disallowed by IRC § 469 and/or IRC § 280A.

Read More »