Penalties Under the Code
Initial Determination of Penalties

Sand Investment Co. v. Commissioner
157 T.C. No. 11

On November 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Sand Investment Co. v. Commissioner, 157 T.C. No. 11. The primary issue presented in Sand Investment Co. was whether the IRS obtained prior written supervisory approval pursuant to IRC § 6751(b)(1) insofar as whether the individual who made the initial determination received approval from its immediate supervisor. Held: Yeah…no dice, petitioner. Dueling Determinations The RA’s case and issue manager, Mr. Burris, signed the form

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Penalties Under the Code
Initial Determination of Penalties

Excelsior Aggregates v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-125

On November 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Excelsior Aggregates v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-125). The primary issue presented in Excelsior Aggregates was whether the IRS complied with the prior supervisory approval requirement of IRC § 6751(b)(1) with respect to the numerous penalties asserted against the petitioner (IRC § 6662A and IRC § 6662(a), (b)(1)-(3), (d), (e), and (h)). Held: Executive Summary from the Tax Court in Excelsior

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Income Tax Issues
Employee

Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-86

On July 13, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-86). The issues presented in Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner were whether: (1) the day care’s corporate officers should be legally classified as employees of petitioner such that petitioner is liable for employment tax (FICA) and unemployment tax (FUTA); (2) petitioner was liable for FICA and FUTA taxes; (3) petitioner

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Procedural Issues
Assessable Penalties

Current Developments on Prior Written Supervisory Approval under IRC § 6751(b)(1)

The Statute No penalty under the Code[1] may be assessed unless the initial determination of such assessment is personally approved in writing by the immediate supervisor of the individual/agent making such determination (or another appropriate higher-level official).[2] This approval requirement, introduced in 1998, was the subject of only three substantial decisions prior to 2020. This year, however, was a boon for taxpayers, and the full opinions of the Tax Court defined the metes and bounds

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Business Related Issues
Burden of Proof

Berry v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-42

On April 7, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Berry v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-42). The primary issues presented in Berry v. Commissioner were whether the petitioners S corporation underreported its income, whether the petitioners’ S corporation is entitled to certain claimed deductions, whether the petitioners are entitled to certain claimed deductions, and whether the petitioners are liable for accuracy-related penalties under IRC § 6662. Background to Berry v.

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Penalties Under the Code
Dammit Felicia

Mathews v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-28

On March 9, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Mathews v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-28). The primary issue presented in Mathews was whether the petitioner was entitled to car and truck expenses which were incurred driving from his residence to the location of his employer, a trucking company. General Rule in Mathews v. Commissioner As a general rule, expenses for traveling between one’s home and one’s place of business

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Charitable Contributions

Pankratz v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-26

On March 3, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Pankratz v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-26). The primary issue presented in Pankratz v. Commissioner was whether the failure to attach appraisals can be due to reasonable cause when a taxpayer admits that he did not review his tax returns before filing. Introductory Notes: I cannot say for sure whether the return preparers were actually the fire chief and the village

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Sand Investment Co. v. Commissioner
157 T.C. No. 11

On November 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Sand Investment Co. v. Commissioner, 157 T.C. No. 11. The primary issue presented in Sand Investment Co. was whether the IRS obtained prior written supervisory approval pursuant to IRC § 6751(b)(1) insofar as whether the individual who made the

Read More »

Excelsior Aggregates v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-125

On November 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Excelsior Aggregates v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-125). The primary issue presented in Excelsior Aggregates was whether the IRS complied with the prior supervisory approval requirement of IRC § 6751(b)(1) with respect to the numerous penalties

Read More »

Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-86

On July 13, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-86). The issues presented in Blossom Day Care Centers Inc. v. Commissioner were whether: (1) the day care’s corporate officers should be legally classified as employees of

Read More »

Berry v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-42

On April 7, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Berry v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-42). The primary issues presented in Berry v. Commissioner were whether the petitioners S corporation underreported its income, whether the petitioners’ S corporation is entitled to certain claimed deductions, whether

Read More »

Mathews v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-28

On March 9, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Mathews v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-28). The primary issue presented in Mathews was whether the petitioner was entitled to car and truck expenses which were incurred driving from his residence to the location of his

Read More »

Pankratz v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-26

On March 3, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Pankratz v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-26). The primary issue presented in Pankratz v. Commissioner was whether the failure to attach appraisals can be due to reasonable cause when a taxpayer admits that he did not

Read More »