Penalties Under the Code
Abuse of Discretion

Middleton v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-28

On April 4, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Middleton v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-28). The primary issues presented in Middleton v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer could challenge the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty at his CDP hearing; and (ii) whether the taxpayer established that he was not “responsible person” for collecting, accounting for, and paying over employees’ income and employment taxes. Background to Middleton v. Commissioner In

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Penalties Under the Code
Challenging Levy

Kazmi v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-13

On March 1, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Kazmi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-13). The primary issues presented in Kazmi v. Commissioner were (1) whether the petitioner is entitled to challenge the underlying liabilities, and if so, whether he is a responsible person who willfully failed to pay over employment taxes under IRC § 6672, and (2) whether the Appeals abused its discretion in sustaining the collection action.

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Penalties Under the Code
Challenging Underlying Liability

Cashaw v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-123

On October 26, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Cashaw v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-123). The primary issue presented in Cashaw v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner is liable for trust fund recovery penalties. Held: Yup. Background to Cashaw v. Commissioner The petitioner was presented with difficult choices during her tenure as temporary chief administrator of a hospital. The hospital was under a state order freezing its bank accounts

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Business Related Issues
Employee

A Primer on Employment Tax Withholding

When the IRS is involved, monetary transactions are never as simple as they appear on the surface. The late, great comedian Mitch Hedberg once told a story about being given a receipt after buying a doughnut. I bought a doughnut, and they gave me a receipt for the doughnut. I don’t need a receipt for the doughnut. I’ll just give you the money, and you give me the doughnut, end of transaction. We don’t need

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Procedural Issues
CDP

Barnhill v. Commissioner (155 T.C. No. 1)

On July 21, 2020, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Barnhill v. Commissioner (155 T.C. No. 1). The issue presented in Barnhill v. Commissioner is whether a taxpayer, who receives a Letter 1153 (Trust Fund Recovery Penalty (TFRP) Letter), and who timely appeals the TFRP, but who does not receive a meaningful opportunity to challenge his liability for the TFRP (because the taxpayer, for instance and as here, did not receive subsequent correspondence scheduling

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Penalties Under the Code
"Penalty" Means "Penalty"

Chadwick v. Commissioner
154 T.C. No. 5

On January 21, 2020, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Chadwick v. Commissioner (154 T.C. No. 5). The issue presented in Chadwick v. Commissioner was whether the penalty assessable pursuant to IRC § 6672(a) (the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty or TFRP) was subject to the requirement that written supervisory approval be secured at the initial determination of such assessment pursuant to IRC § 6751(b)(1). The IRC § 6672(a) Trust Fund Recovery Penalty is…Wait for

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Middleton v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-28

On April 4, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Middleton v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-28). The primary issues presented in Middleton v. Commissioner were (i) whether the taxpayer could challenge the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty at his CDP hearing; and (ii) whether the taxpayer

Read More »

Kazmi v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-13

On March 1, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Kazmi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-13). The primary issues presented in Kazmi v. Commissioner were (1) whether the petitioner is entitled to challenge the underlying liabilities, and if so, whether he is a responsible person

Read More »

Cashaw v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-123

On October 26, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Cashaw v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-123). The primary issue presented in Cashaw v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner is liable for trust fund recovery penalties. Held: Yup. Background to Cashaw v. Commissioner The petitioner was

Read More »

A Primer on Employment Tax Withholding

When the IRS is involved, monetary transactions are never as simple as they appear on the surface. The late, great comedian Mitch Hedberg once told a story about being given a receipt after buying a doughnut. I bought a doughnut, and they gave me a receipt for the doughnut. I

Read More »

Barnhill v. Commissioner (155 T.C. No. 1)

On July 21, 2020, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Barnhill v. Commissioner (155 T.C. No. 1). The issue presented in Barnhill v. Commissioner is whether a taxpayer, who receives a Letter 1153 (Trust Fund Recovery Penalty (TFRP) Letter), and who timely appeals the TFRP, but who does not

Read More »

Chadwick v. Commissioner
154 T.C. No. 5

On January 21, 2020, the Tax Court issued its opinion in Chadwick v. Commissioner (154 T.C. No. 5). The issue presented in Chadwick v. Commissioner was whether the penalty assessable pursuant to IRC § 6672(a) (the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty or TFRP) was subject to the requirement that written supervisory

Read More »