Deductions

Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79)

On June 30, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79). The primary issue presented in Nurumbi was whether the petitioner was subject to the heightened substantiation rules under IRC § 274(d), or whether the exception to such rules for vehicles for hire applied. Held:  Background The petitioner was an Uber pimp. He maintained a stable of Uber drivers under his iron fist and gold

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Books and Records

Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56)

On May 10, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56). The primary issue presented in Adler was whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct business expenses for 2016 and 2017 (the years in issue). In Short The petitioner was a consultant for an entertainment company in Los Angeles.  He incurred business-related expenses, including travel expenses, and he reported these expenses on his Schedule C

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Books and Records

Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50)

On May 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50). The primary issue presented in Chancellor was whether the IRS erred in disallowing deductions the petitioner claimed for certain business expenses, charitable contributions, and state and local tax. Brief Background Ms. Viola Chancellor, of Nevada, is a notary and a paralegal.  In 2015, she received $400 from her duties as such.  She reported a

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Books and Records

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements of IRC § 162 is a question of fact for the Tax Court.[3] Proving Entitlement A taxpayer must prove his entitlement to all deductions and

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Accuracy Related Penalty

Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46)

On April 27, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46). The primary issues presented in Baum were whether the petitioners were entitled to deductions for expenses as reported on Schedules C (Profit or Loss from Business) for the years in issue and whether the petitioners were entitled to a theft loss deduction pursuant to IRC § 165 for 2015. Background: Bamboozled, Hoodwinked, Swindled, and

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Bad Debt Losses

Franklin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-127)

On September 3, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Franklin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-127). The primary issues before the court in Franklin were whether the petitioner was entitled to meal, entertainment, and travel expense deductions and whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct certain business losses.

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Badges of Fraud

Collins v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-50)

On April 23, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Collins v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-50). The issues before the court in Collins were (1) whether petitioners were entitled to numerous categories of deductions and whether they provided substantiation to prove entitlement; (2) whether the petitioners are liable for additions to tax for failing to timely file their returns; and whether petitioner-husband is liable for the civil fraud penalty of

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Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79)

On June 30, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79). The primary issue presented in Nurumbi was whether the petitioner was subject to the heightened substantiation rules under IRC § 274(d), or whether the exception to such rules for

Read More »

Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56)

On May 10, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56). The primary issue presented in Adler was whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct business expenses for 2016 and 2017 (the years in issue). In Short The petitioner was

Read More »

Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50)

On May 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50). The primary issue presented in Chancellor was whether the IRS erred in disallowing deductions the petitioner claimed for certain business expenses, charitable contributions, and state and local tax. Brief

Read More »

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements

Read More »

Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46)

On April 27, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Baum v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-46). The primary issues presented in Baum were whether the petitioners were entitled to deductions for expenses as reported on Schedules C (Profit or Loss from Business) for the years

Read More »

Franklin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-127)

On September 3, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Franklin v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-127). The primary issues before the court in Franklin were whether the petitioner was entitled to meal, entertainment, and travel expense deductions and whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct

Read More »

Collins v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-50)

On April 23, 2020, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Collins v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2020-50). The issues before the court in Collins were (1) whether petitioners were entitled to numerous categories of deductions and whether they provided substantiation to prove entitlement; (2) whether the

Read More »