Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Harwood v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-8

On February 15, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Harwood v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-8). The primary issue presented in Harwood was whether the taxpayer adequately substantiated his deductions for travel, residence, and “other” such deductions. Background to Harwood v. Commissioner During the years at issue, Mr. Harwood worked as a steamfitter and brazier on construction projects in Washington and Oregon. Mr. Harwood joined Plumber and Steamfitters Local 598

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Elbasha v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-1

On January 12, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Elbasha v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-1). The primary issues presented in Elbasha were the petitioner’s filing status and whether and to what extent the petitioner can deduct Schedule C expenses. Background to Elbasha v. Commissioner The petitioner, an emergency room doctor, was born in Sudan, and he had family there during 2008 and 2009—the years at issue. The petitioner’s Sudanese

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Income Tax Issues
CDP

Parker v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-111

On September 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Parker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-111). The primary issues presented in Parker v. Commissioner were (1) whether petitioners can deduct, on Schedule C (Profit or Loss From Business), car and truck expenses in excess of the amount the IRS allowed; (2) whether petitioners can deduct retirement contributions in excess of the amount the IRS allowed; (3) whether petitioners can deduct expenses

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Income Tax Issues
Deductions

Nurumbi v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-79

On June 30, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79). The primary issue presented in Nurumbi v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner was subject to the heightened substantiation rules under IRC § 274(d), or whether the exception to such rules for vehicles for hire applied. Held:  Background to Nurumbi v. Commissioner The petitioner was an Uber pimp. He maintained a stable of Uber drivers

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Adler v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-56

On May 10, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56). The primary issue presented in Adler v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct business expenses for 2016 and 2017 (the years in issue). Adler v. Commissioner In Short The petitioner was a consultant for an entertainment company in Los Angeles.  He incurred business-related expenses, including travel expenses, and he reported these

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Chancellor v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-50

On May 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50). The primary issue presented in Chancellor v. Commissioner was whether the IRS erred in disallowing deductions the petitioner claimed for certain business expenses, charitable contributions, and state and local tax. Brief Background to Chancellor v. Commissioner Ms. Viola Chancellor, of Nevada, is a notary and a paralegal.  In 2015, she received $400 from her

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements of IRC § 162 is a question of fact for the Tax Court.[3] Proving Entitlement A taxpayer must prove his entitlement to all deductions and

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Harwood v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-8

On February 15, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Harwood v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-8). The primary issue presented in Harwood was whether the taxpayer adequately substantiated his deductions for travel, residence, and “other” such deductions. Background to Harwood v. Commissioner During the years

Read More »

Elbasha v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-1

On January 12, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Elbasha v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-1). The primary issues presented in Elbasha were the petitioner’s filing status and whether and to what extent the petitioner can deduct Schedule C expenses. Background to Elbasha v. Commissioner

Read More »

Parker v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-111

On September 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Parker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-111). The primary issues presented in Parker v. Commissioner were (1) whether petitioners can deduct, on Schedule C (Profit or Loss From Business), car and truck expenses in excess of the

Read More »

Nurumbi v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-79

On June 30, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Nurumbi v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-79). The primary issue presented in Nurumbi v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner was subject to the heightened substantiation rules under IRC § 274(d), or whether the exception to such

Read More »

Adler v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-56

On May 10, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Adler v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-56). The primary issue presented in Adler v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner was entitled to deduct business expenses for 2016 and 2017 (the years in issue). Adler v. Commissioner

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Chancellor v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-50

On May 4, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Chancellor v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-50). The primary issue presented in Chancellor v. Commissioner was whether the IRS erred in disallowing deductions the petitioner claimed for certain business expenses, charitable contributions, and state and local

Read More »

The Cohan Rule and the IRC § 274 Exception

A taxpayer may deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on a trade or business.[1] In contrast, a taxpayer may not deduct personal, living, or family expenses unless the Code expressly provides otherwise.[2] The determination of whether an expense satisfies the requirements

Read More »