Income Tax Issues
Activity Engaged in for Profit

Walters v. Commissioner
(T.C. Memo. 2022-17)

On March 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Walters v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-17). The primary issue presented in Walters v. Commissioner was whether the petitioners’ mutually owned partnership was engaged in for-profit activities in constructing “green” homes. Background to Walters v. Commissioner Petitioner Jessica Walters (petitioner daughter) resided in North Carolina when she timely filed her petition, and petitioners David Walters (petitioner husband) and Jean Walters (petitioner

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Income Tax Issues
Hobby Losses under IRC § 183

Huff v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-140

On December 21, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Huff v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-140). The primary issue presented in Huff was whether the petitioners’ miniature donkey breeding operation was an activity engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183. Held: Actually, yes. Author’s Note on Huff v. Commissioner Judge Patrick J. Urda (who delivered this opinion) was a Classics major at Notre Dame, where he

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Income Tax Issues
Activity Engaged in for Profit

Skolnick v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-139

On December 16, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Skolnick v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-139). The primary issue presented in Skolnick was whether the petitioner’s “horse activity,” undertaken through his LLC, was an activity not engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183 during 2010-2013. Held: Petitioners were just horsing around, but they had reasonable cause to avoid the accuracy-related penalties. On Horse Breeding and Miniature

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Income Tax Issues
2% Floor for Itemized Deductions

Gregory v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-115

On September 29, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Gregory v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-115). The primary issue presented in Gregory v. Commissioner was whether the claimed deductions permitted under IRC § 183(b) for activities not engaged in for profit are not subject to the 2% floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions set forth in IRC § 67(a). Background to Gregory v. Comissioner During the years at issue, 2014 and 2015, the

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Income Tax Issues
IRC § 183

Gaston v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-107

On September 2, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Gaston v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-107). The primary issue presented in Gaston v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner engaged in acting as a trade or business in the tax years at issue and, if so, whether the petitioner is entitled to deduct any reported expenses relating to that trade or business. Background to Gaston v. Commissioner: A Pink Cadillac The petitioner

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Income Tax Issues
Activity Engaged in for Profit

The Test for Profit Motive: Allowance of Deductions under IRC § 183 Test

What factors aid the Tax Court in deciding when an activity is entered into with a “profit motive” (with allowable ordinary and necessary expenses) versus a hobby (where losses may be taken only up to the amount of profit received)? Taxpayers can deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred in carrying on a trade or business,[1] for the production or collection of income,[2] or for the management, conservation, or maintenance of property held

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Income Tax Issues
Capital Expenditures

Deducting Legal and Professional Fees

Income tax deductions are rather like hard truths. A client may not want to hear that an item is not deductible, but you know in your heart of hearts that you cannot, in good conscience, advise them otherwise. No doctor relishes the prospect of telling a patient that he is terminal. Often met with a similar grief-stricken reaction, explaining to a client that the “big ticket” deduction that they wanted to claim (or in my

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Walters v. Commissioner
(T.C. Memo. 2022-17)

On March 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Walters v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-17). The primary issue presented in Walters v. Commissioner was whether the petitioners’ mutually owned partnership was engaged in for-profit activities in constructing “green” homes. Background to Walters v. Commissioner

Read More »

Huff v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-140

On December 21, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Huff v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-140). The primary issue presented in Huff was whether the petitioners’ miniature donkey breeding operation was an activity engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183. Held:

Read More »

Skolnick v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-139

On December 16, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Skolnick v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-139). The primary issue presented in Skolnick was whether the petitioner’s “horse activity,” undertaken through his LLC, was an activity not engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC

Read More »

Gregory v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-115

On September 29, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Gregory v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-115). The primary issue presented in Gregory v. Commissioner was whether the claimed deductions permitted under IRC § 183(b) for activities not engaged in for profit are not subject to the

Read More »

Gaston v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-107

On September 2, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Gaston v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-107). The primary issue presented in Gaston v. Commissioner was whether the petitioner engaged in acting as a trade or business in the tax years at issue and, if so, whether

Read More »

Deducting Legal and Professional Fees

Income tax deductions are rather like hard truths. A client may not want to hear that an item is not deductible, but you know in your heart of hearts that you cannot, in good conscience, advise them otherwise. No doctor relishes the prospect of telling a patient that he is

Read More »