Business Related Issues
Bad Hackers

Hacker v. Commissioner
(T.C. Memo. 2022-16)

On March 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Hacker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-16). The primary issues presented in Hacker were whether the petitioners received imputed wages and constructive dividends from their day care centers and whether the petitioners were liable for the civil fraud penalty under IRC § 6663. A Note on Hacker v. Commissioner You may remember the Hackers from two Tax Court opinions from 2021,

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Income Tax Issues
Deductions

Clary Hood Inc. v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-15

On March 2, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Clary Hood Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-15). The primary issue presented in Clary Hood Inc. was the amount the petitioner may deduct under IRC § 162(a)(1) as reasonable compensation paid to its chief executive officer (CEO) and shareholder Clary L. Hood (Mr. Hood) during the years at issue. Background to Clary Hood Inc. v. Commissioner According to Judge Greaves

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Harwood v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-8

On February 15, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Harwood v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-8). The primary issue presented in Harwood was whether the taxpayer adequately substantiated his deductions for travel, residence, and “other” such deductions. Background to Harwood v. Commissioner During the years at issue, Mr. Harwood worked as a steamfitter and brazier on construction projects in Washington and Oregon. Mr. Harwood joined Plumber and Steamfitters Local 598

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Income Tax Issues
Books and Records

Elbasha v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-1

On January 12, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Elbasha v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-1). The primary issues presented in Elbasha were the petitioner’s filing status and whether and to what extent the petitioner can deduct Schedule C expenses. Background to Elbasha v. Commissioner The petitioner, an emergency room doctor, was born in Sudan, and he had family there during 2008 and 2009—the years at issue. The petitioner’s Sudanese

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Income Tax Issues
Hobby Losses under IRC § 183

Huff v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-140

On December 21, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Huff v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-140). The primary issue presented in Huff was whether the petitioners’ miniature donkey breeding operation was an activity engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183. Held: Actually, yes. Author’s Note on Huff v. Commissioner Judge Patrick J. Urda (who delivered this opinion) was a Classics major at Notre Dame, where he

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Income Tax Issues
Activity Engaged in for Profit

Skolnick v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-139

On December 16, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Skolnick v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-139). The primary issue presented in Skolnick was whether the petitioner’s “horse activity,” undertaken through his LLC, was an activity not engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183 during 2010-2013. Held: Petitioners were just horsing around, but they had reasonable cause to avoid the accuracy-related penalties. On Horse Breeding and Miniature

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Income Tax Issues
CDP

Parker v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-111

On September 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Parker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-111). The primary issues presented in Parker v. Commissioner were (1) whether petitioners can deduct, on Schedule C (Profit or Loss From Business), car and truck expenses in excess of the amount the IRS allowed; (2) whether petitioners can deduct retirement contributions in excess of the amount the IRS allowed; (3) whether petitioners can deduct expenses

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Hacker v. Commissioner
(T.C. Memo. 2022-16)

On March 7, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Hacker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-16). The primary issues presented in Hacker were whether the petitioners received imputed wages and constructive dividends from their day care centers and whether the petitioners were liable for the

Read More »

Clary Hood Inc. v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-15

On March 2, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Clary Hood Inc. v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-15). The primary issue presented in Clary Hood Inc. was the amount the petitioner may deduct under IRC § 162(a)(1) as reasonable compensation paid to its chief executive

Read More »

Harwood v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-8

On February 15, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Harwood v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-8). The primary issue presented in Harwood was whether the taxpayer adequately substantiated his deductions for travel, residence, and “other” such deductions. Background to Harwood v. Commissioner During the years

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Elbasha v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2022-1

On January 12, 2022, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Elbasha v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2022-1). The primary issues presented in Elbasha were the petitioner’s filing status and whether and to what extent the petitioner can deduct Schedule C expenses. Background to Elbasha v. Commissioner

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Huff v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-140

On December 21, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Huff v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-140). The primary issue presented in Huff was whether the petitioners’ miniature donkey breeding operation was an activity engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC § 183. Held:

Read More »

Skolnick v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-139

On December 16, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Skolnick v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-139). The primary issue presented in Skolnick was whether the petitioner’s “horse activity,” undertaken through his LLC, was an activity not engaged in for profit within the meaning of IRC

Read More »

Parker v. Commissioner
T.C. Memo. 2021-111

On September 23, 2021, the Tax Court issued a Memorandum Opinion in the case of Parker v. Commissioner (T.C. Memo. 2021-111). The primary issues presented in Parker v. Commissioner were (1) whether petitioners can deduct, on Schedule C (Profit or Loss From Business), car and truck expenses in excess of the

Read More »